The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 2.0 bath property. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Read and learn more about this famous tree at Fremont Cottonwood at Zion National Park, Utah, USA. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Native Americans. Identification of Fremont’s cottonwood trees is by their cordate shape leaves (heart-shape), coarsely serrated edges, and elongated smooth-edged tip. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to nwfactionfund.org, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. During the early days of exploration of the western United States, cottonwood groves were used as an indicator of water, as they grow only on wet soil. Cottonwood Trees seed every year covering the neighbourhood with what looks like a summer snowfall. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. Other Common Names: Cottonwood Comments: This is the common Cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Cahuilla tribes used the wood for mortars and tools. It is one of three species in Populus sect. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. AKA Fremont's Cottonwood Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the past for fuel and fence posts. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. Livestock grazing has also been identified as a leading factor in the degradation of riparian habitats in the western United States. Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) tree. Once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in the trees are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting. Flower: Species is dioecious; males and females as hanging catkins, 2 to 4 inches long, yellow-green, appearing in early spring before the leaves. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. I have very strong memories of cottonwood trees because I have come across them a lot in my explorations of Utah and the Rockies. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. 83 The pale grayish bark is smooth in young trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed as the tree ages. The cotton is extremely flammable, try lighting with a match and see how quickly it burns. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fall. The world's largest cottonwood tree plantation is in Issaquena County, Mississippi. Populus fremontii ssp. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. In Mexico, it can be found in Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, México (state), and Puebla. Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. The trees are also important for stabilizing stream banks, producing debris that provides habitat for fish, and providing erosion control and shade. In 2012, it had a measured circumference of 557 inches (14,100 mm), height of 102 feet (31 m), and a spread of 149.5 feet (45.6 m). It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont Growth rates of 30 feet in a year have been reported. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human activities. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Cottonwoods get their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring. The inner bark of Frémont's cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. Fremont cottonwood Salicaceae Populus fremontii S. Watson symbol: POFR2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, broadly cordate to triangular, coarsely crenate, 2 to 4 inches long, petiole flattened, shiny green above, sometimes pubescent beneath. Choose your favorite fremont cottonwood designs and purchase them as wall art, … It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. 1 The habit can appear oval, roundish, or … The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . Examples of dicotyledons are beans, buttercups, oaks, sunflowers, etc. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Hollowed trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats. Here are some fun facts about these magnificent trees. Twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. The narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9 and is a native of California and Mexico while the eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is native to eastern North America, as far south as northern Flo… For example, the Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States but also is hardy in other areas within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Cottonwoods get their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring. 48409 Cottonwood St , Fremont, CA 94539-7608 is currently not for sale. This home was built in 1964 and last sold on 8/27/2014 for $970,000. Raptors often use cottonwoods for nest sites. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood[1], is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Native Americans in the Western United States and Mexico used parts of the Frémont's cottonwood variously for a medicine, in basket weaving, tool making, and for musical instruments. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). They are most abundant in areas near water. As one of the major overstory trees in riparian areas of the western United States, and since riparian areas are some of the most productive wildlife habitats, the Fremont cottonwood is one of the most important plant species to western wildlife. The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community of … Personally, I find that certain kinds of trees have a special kind of majesty. Fremont cottonwoods are distributed throughout the southwestern United States, from California eastward to Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and southward into Mexico. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. It is one of three species in Populus sect. This large, deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water. Cottonwoods can live for more than 130 years. The 3–7 centimetres (1.2–2.8 in) long leaves, are cordate (heart-shaped) with an elongate tip, with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides, glabrous to hairy, and often stained with milky resin. The tree is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Popular is native to Europe and western Asia. Forest Stewardship Notes, Washington State University Extension and DNR Small Forest Landowner Office, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, The University of Texas at Austin, The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials. P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. As seedlings and young trees, cottonwood grow in dense bands along river banks; as they mature, they thin themselves out, eventually creating “gallery forests” of widely spaced trees with a high canopy and an open understory. The National Wildlife Federation is providing resources to help families and caregivers across the country provide meaningful educational opportunities and safe outdoor experiences for children during these incredibly difficult times. The Eastern Cottonwood is the state tree for Kansas and Nebraska. P. fremontii is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree. Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. Plant Name. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. The fruit they produce is a small, light brown egg-shaped capsule that splits three ways to disseminate many small seeds covered with cotton-like fluff for wind dispersal. [4], The riparian tree grows near streams, rivers, springs, seeps, wetlands, and well-watered alluvial bottomlands at elevations below 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) elevation.[2][5]. Great Plains cottonwood ( P. sargentii ), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. Populus section Aigeiros is a section of three species in the genus Populus, the poplars.Like some other species in the genus Populus, they are commonly known as cottonwoods.The species are native to North America, Europe, and western Asia. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Many insects—and the birds and other predators that feed on them—thrive in cottonwoods. Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. Pollination: Occurs in following seasons depending on latitude and elevation: Spring. Narrowleaf Cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) The inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. Cahuilla tribes used the wood for mortars and tools. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. Unfortunately there are no released cultivars of the Fremont cottonwood. Fremont's cottonwood (P. fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree Size 40′ – 60’x30′ or wider Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. View sales history, tax history, home value estimates, and overhead views. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Angiosperm - Flowering Dicot: Plants in this group have two embryonic leaves (dicotyledons). In closed stands, the trunk may a… Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. Rabbits, deer, elk, and moose feed on the tree’s shoots and stems. The bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. It is also grown for ornamental plantings and windbreaks. The 1,476 sq. Cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars. Alamo, or Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii), tallest of the group, is found in southwestern North America. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the … Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. [9] The Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls. Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community of … The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Popular is native to Europe and western Asia. Because of the land use in arid watersheds, the cottonwood riparian forests have been significantly decreased or destroyed. Beavers use cottonwood for making dams and lodges and eat the bark for food. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the areas where adapted. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. 3 beds, 3 baths, 1574 sq. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. 48417 Cottonwood St , Fremont, CA 94539-7608 is currently not for sale. Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human activities. The Fremont Cottonwood is a cottonwood native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. [3] In the United States, the species can be found in California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Colorado. Cottonwood trees are native to various parts of North America. Populus fremontii. Cottonwood trees grow throughout the south-west and into the Rocky Mountains. A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Cut foliage and branches from surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun. Its principal uses today are for erosion control, wildlife food and shelter, and shade for livestock and recreation facilities. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America… The fibrous wood is used for shipping crates, pallet boxes and pulp for magazines. In open areas, the tree may divide into branches near its base, producing a spreading crown. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Aigeiros. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the … More than one-third of U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the coming decades. Cottonwood tree identification. wislizeni had originally placed this eastern cottonwood subspecies as a P. fremontii subspecies, but it was removed in 1977.[8]. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. The Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii), also commonly known as the western or Gila cottonwood, grows across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 … As the … Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. APN 519 120505600. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree Size 40′ – 60’x30′ or wider Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. Picture of a Fremont Cottonwood tree, (Populus fremontii) species, growing at Zion National Park, Utah, USA. Populus fremontii ssp. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. 5 Leaves are smooth and triangular, 2 – 3 inches (5 – 7.5 cm) long, slightly broader than long, with a rather abrupt tip. The 1,164 sq. Other Common Names: Cottonwood Comments: This is the common Cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona. The Rio Grande cottonwood, a welcome sight to pioneers in the desert because it often signaled water, typically reaches 50 to 60 feet in height, with a trunk of three feet in diameter. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. ft. single-family home is a 4 bed, 2.0 bath property. Also, ground-water pumping lowers local and regional water tables and reduces stream flow, which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation. In the United States, the species can be found in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.In Mexico, it can be found in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Mexico State, and Puebla. The Pima people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico lived along Sonoran Desert watercourses and used twigs from the tree in the fine and intricate baskets they wove. Small industries utilize the wood to make bowls and small statues in northern Mexico. The flowers are yellow-green in color and appear in early spring. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Frémont's cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Fremont cottonwood is a flood-dependent species. Family: Salicaceae. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. Some confusion due to hybridization with a Rio Grande subspecies of Populus deltoides subsp. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. [2] It is one of three species in Populus sect. Anywhere, any time. 1. This home was built in 1964 and last sold on 9/24/1998 for. Shop for fremont cottonwood art from the world's greatest living artists. Allergenicity: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a moderate allergen. All fremont cottonwood artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. [10], John C. Frémont botanical nomenclature eponyms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_fremontii&oldid=991552911, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Natural history of the Lower Colorado River Valley, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 17:38. Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. [2] Autumn colors occur from October–November, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red.[2][6]. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. ft. house located at 48220 Cottonwood St, Fremont, CA 94539. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. This champion Fremont Cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The Cahuilla people of southern California used the tree's wood for tool making, the Pueblo peoples for drums, and the Lower Colorado River Quechan people in ritual cremations. Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. 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